Biological Corridors

​The National Biological Corridor Program (PNCB - Programa Nacional de Corredores Biológicos) is an institutional program of SINAC, which arises from the initiative of national and regional Biological Corridor links from Mesoamerican Biological Corridor Project section Costa Rica (CBM-CR - Proyecto Corredor Biológico Mesoamericano sección Costa Rica), with the generation of different strategic planning exercises in 2005, in order to find the essence and future vision for biological corridors in the country. These efforts were accompanied by organizations and institutions interested in the consolidation of a national system of conservation, fully interconnected.
By May 2006 the establishment of the National Program of Biological Corridors of Costa Rica (PNCB) is formalized by Executive Decree of Costa Rica Republic No. 33106-MINAE.
The maximum operating level of the program is reflected in the work that takes place in each of the Local Councils operating in the Biological Corridors into the Conservation Areas in the country. It is there where these social coalitions develop local efforts to conserve biodiversity and to encourage the production of goods and services friendly to nature, to help improve their socioeconomic conditions. Therefore, biological corridors have become areas of sustainable development.
SINAC through the Regional Programs for Biological Corridor of Conservation Areas, is one of the facilitators of the consolidation of biological corridors. In this task, the implementation of the ecosystem approach is essential because these territories must be managed in a participatory, inclusive and responsible manner, to ensure that new generations will have the ecosystem goods and services generated in its corridors. It is in this sense, where the support provided by different institutions and organizations that comprise the Committee in Support of the Biological Corridors has been the basis for the establishment of the national network of biological corridors, same that will advise on all levels of participation on strategies and experiences to establish and consolidate the corridors.
In Costa Rica the processes of fragmentation of ecosystems have been the cause of the loss of soil fertility, the acceleration of erosion, loss of ability to nature recharge, reduction of ecosystem goods and services and generally the disappearance of important habitats, which have increased as a result of ecological and social vulnerability of these territories.
Whatever the type or definition for a biological corridor, its scope is to show that they are functional territorial units which serve as partners in the conservation of biodiversity. Future research and monitoring of ecological and socio-economic aspects will play a key role in determining the functionality of the corridors.
Although the establishment of biological corridors in the territory is not a simple or easy process, it has meant the opportunity of different local social sectors to promote ecological connectivity and social connectivity. Thus, they have become one of the most important initiatives in the conservation of Costa Rican biodiversity, land use and as an instrument of national integration.