Definitions


Productive Chain: Inter-business cooperation modalities, which place companies in different and consecutive positions of a productive value chain, and is associated to achieve competitive advantages that could not be obtained individually. (Ministry of Economy Industry and Commerce of Costa Rica, 2, 2005).

Chaining Manager: Is a local association or organization, regional and / or local government, technical support institution (Non Governmental Organization - NGO) or another group of people formally organized, that manage the community rural tourism development in a space of territorial development by promoting the planning, sustainability and participation of local populations in the process. (Manual del Emprendedor en Turismo Rural Comunitario, MINCETUR - Manual of the Entrepreneur in Community Rural Tourism, MINCETUR, Peru, 2008).

Entrepreneur: It is a natural or legal person who promotes a business or productive activity linked to services and / or products related to tourism (food, lodging, crafts, guiding, storage, etc.). The entrepreneur or group of formally associated entrepreneurs should align their micro-business development to the local planning processes that allow the sustainability of the tourist activity in their territory and therefore greater possibilities of commercial success for their micro-enterprises. (Manual del Emprendedor en Turismo Rural Comunitario, MINCETUR  - Manual of the Entrepreneur in Community Rural Tourism, MINCETUR, Peru, 2008).

Entrepreneurship: When the manager and the entrepreneur work together in favor of a community. (Manual del Emprendedor en Turismo Rural Comunitario, MINCETUR - Manual of the Entrepreneur in Community Rural Tourism, MINCETUR, Peru, 2008).

Community Rural Tourism: According to article 1 of Law No. 8724 of July 17, 2009, Law on Promotion of Community Rural Tourism, it is the rural community-based tourism activity that is developed through the promotion of family-based businesses and community, formed according to the Law of Associations, No. 218 and the Law of Cooperative Associations and Creation of the National Institute of Cooperative Development, Law Nº 4179 and its reforms, in order the inhabitants of the rural communities seek the management of their own development, including the management of local tourist destinations; in addition, to participate in the planning and the use of the natural resources of their surroundings in a sustainable way, in order to allow them a better life condition. (Reglamento a la Ley de Fomento de Turismo Rural Comunitario, Decreto Ejecutivo N° 36273-MEIC-H-TUR, 2010 - Regulation to the Law of Promotion of Community Rural Tourism, Executive Decree No. 36273-MEIC-H-TUR, 2010)

Tourist Attraction: It is every place, object or event that could be interesting for tourists. But you must keep in mind that everyone is not interested in the same thing. While some prefer to spend a few quiet days in front of a lagoon where they can relax, others prefer to live a moment of adventure riding a bicycle. (Manual del Emprendedor en Turismo Rural Comunitario, MINCETUR - Manual of the Entrepreneur in Community Rural Tourism, MINCETUR, Peru, 2008).

Tourist Product: It is the sum of attractions, services, goods and equipment that are offered to the tourist and respond to their expectations. That is why, in order to have a good product everyone must participate by giving a good service. (Manual del Emprendedor en Turismo Rural Comunitario, MINCETUR - Manual of the Entrepreneur in Community Rural Tourism, MINCETUR, Peru, 2008).

Tourist Route: It is known as tourist route to the road or route that stands out for its attractions for the development of tourism. These routes can stand out due to their natural characteristics or to allow access to an important cultural or historical heritage. Via that excels to be surrounded by places that are considered, for some reason, valuable. Thus, travelers are expected to travel the tourist route to visit sites of natural, religious, cultural importance. It is common for the tourist route to include special signs and posters, which go beyond traditional traffic signs. The specific signage allows to highlight the attractions that are in the area, facilitating the tourist activity. (https://asesoresenturismoperu.wordpress.com/2016/03/26/definicion-ruta-turistica/), 2016.

Tourist Circuit: tourist tour with return to the same place of departure. (http://eduturismo.tripod.com/glosario.htm), 2016.

Ecotourism: Tourism modality, characterized by the interest of visiting destinations where natural beauties are the strongest attraction. (http://eduturismo.tripod.com/glosario.htm), 2016.

Itinerary: Description and direction of a route indicating all the details of the places that will be visited during the route. (http://eduturismo.tripod.com/glosario.htm), 2016.

Tourism: It is an activity that is due to the displacement between a sending community and a recipient, for more than twenty-four hours or less than 365 days and with a non-profit motive. (http://eduturismo.tripod.com/glosario.htm), 2016.